Music Theory Lesson

Major vs Minor Tones

Difficulty: beginner

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Major chords are constructed with the 1st, 3rd, and 5th notes of the major scale.

Minor chords are constructed with the 1st, b3rd, and 5th notes of the major scale. "b3" means that the third note of the scale is lowered by one half step.

A Major

R5R35R5R35

This common A Major chord shape is constructed of 1 (R for root), 3, and 5.

A Minor

R5Rb35R5Rb35

This common A Minor chord shape is constructed of 1 (R for root), b3, and 5.